Our blood is certainly one of the most important elements in our body to keep us alive. This may appear in one single color but it is loaded with essential chemicals and components that are needed to make it function normally. We all become apprehensive if we or our loved ones are diagnosed with abnormal blood condition, because we know how important our blood to the body is.
Moving on, it is also essential to be equipped with information about the different blood groups not only to know what our blood type is but also to be aware of the benefits of it especially if we want to donate some of our blood to those who need it.
There are different blood groups because of the presence or absence of particular protein molecules called the antigens and the antibodies. Antigens are those located on the surface of red blood cells or RBC while the antibodies are those in the blood plasma. We all differ in blood groups or blood type because of the different combinations of the said protein molecules. Our blood group is based on what we have acquired or inherited from our parents.
Donating blood to patients is easy, but the difficult one is choosing the compatible one to avoid blood poisoning. Since we all have different amount of protein molecules in our blood, precise blood typing tests are required before initiating blood transfusion.
Here are the four major blood groups/types:
1. Type A – person who has a blood type A have an A antigens on his red blood cells and B in the blood plasma. This individual can give blood to those who have type A and AB and can receive blood from those who have blood types A and O.
2. Type B – person who has a type B blood have B antigens on his red blood cells and an A antibodies in his blood plasma. He can give blood to those who have types B and AB, and receive blood from donors who have blood type B and O.
3. Type O – a person with type O blood has neither A nor B antigens on the red blood cells, but have A and B antibodies in the blood plasma. He can give blood to those who have types A, B, AB, and O and can receive from donors who have type O only.
4. Type AB – a person with type AB blood has both A and B antigens on the red blood cells but no A or B antibodies in blood plasma. He can donate blood to those who have type AB and receive from donors with blood types AB, A, B, and O.
Having a healthy lifestyle makes our blood to function well. We can do this by:
§ Eating healthy foods especially those green leafy ones that are rich in iron.
§ Refraining from cigarette smoking for it will greatly ruin our blood.
§ Maintaining a normal blood pressure, and blood sugar content
§ Visiting your personal health provider regularly.